Identifying Georgia Cockroaches
Identifying and understanding the habitat of cockroaches is key to understanding how to control them. Let’s look at the most common cockroaches found in Georgia:
The American Cockroach
The American Cockroach is perhaps the most common and is also known as “water bug” or “palmetto bug”. They are chestnut to light brown in color. These creatures are mainly found around water sources such as sewers and pipes and in dark, damp places such as the basement. They are mostly active at night.
As its name denotes, the Smokeybrown cockroach is brownish black to dark mahogany. They are native outside of the U.S., and are common in southern states. They are a medical nuisance because of the allergic effect they have on people with asthma, as well as allergens that cause rhinitis and skin irritation. Active at night, they are typically found in tree holes, attics, and crawl spaces.
The Oriental cockroach is ironically from North Africa, not the Oriental region. Also called a “black beetle” or “water bug,” these roaches are found worldwide. They are shiny black or reddish brown in color. The Oriental cockroach spends most of its time outdoors, under debris, rocks and leaves. They tend to enter buildings via doors, air ducts, utility pipes and drains. All kinds of food and decaying matter make up their diet. They are attracted to light, can fly, and can usually be found underneath mulch or high grass. They rarely come indoors and are usually only found when their habitat (such as grass) is disturbed.
The German cockroach is the most important and perhaps the most common type of roach. Found worldwide, these roaches, due to the large numbers, transmit a variety of pathogens and cause allergic reaction. They are light brown to tan with two dark vertical stripes on their back. They prefer warm, humid environments and are found in kitchens, bathrooms and any warm area where food and water is consumed.